How to decode managed stack frames in procmon traces


Recently, the idea of protected variables in TFS struck my attention and pushed me to do some more research on how exactly those variables are stored. I hope I will write a separate post on that subject, but today I would like to share with you a small trick I use whenever I need to work with managed application traces (and TFS is one of them).

On Windows, when I want to know how things work internally, I usually start with procmon. Seeing which paths and registry keys are accessed, combined with TCP/IP connections is often enough to get an idea where to put breakpoints in further analysis. My TFS investigation was no exception to this rule. I collected a trace while saving a protected build variable – this is how such a variable looks like (in case you are interested :)):

tfs_protected_variable

Continue reading “How to decode managed stack frames in procmon traces”

How to decode managed stack frames in procmon traces

How to securely sign .NET assemblies


TestLib, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=769a8f10a7f072b4

If the above line means anything to you, you are probably a .NET developer. You also probably know that the hex string at the end represents a public key token, which is a sign that the assembly has a strong name signature. But do you know how this token is calculated? Or do you know the structure of the strong name signature? In this post, I will go into details how strong naming works and what are its shortcomings. We will also have a look at certificate-based signatures and, in the end, we will examine the assembly verification process.

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How to securely sign .NET assemblies

How dependency calls are tracked by the Application Insights?


Application Insights is a performance monitoring service, created by Microsoft and available on Azure. It gives you space to store the performance metrics and logs of your application (1GB for free!), as well as functionalities to search and manage them. In this post I am not going to present you the whole platform – Microsoft already did it in the Azure documentation, but rather focus on an element of the log collection, named dependency calls tracking. I did some analysis on the Application Insights libraries, and decided to publish my findings, in the hope that the results might interest some of you too.

Dependency calls are requests, which your application makes to the external services (such as databases or REST services). When this telemetry type is enabled, all the dependent actions form a timeline within the scope of the parent action. Using this timeline we may easily verify whether the delay in our application is caused by an external service, or the application itself. Let’s analyze in detail how this data is collected.

Continue reading “How dependency calls are tracked by the Application Insights?”

How dependency calls are tracked by the Application Insights?

Releasing wtrace 1.0 and procgov 2.0


In today’s short post I would like to present you a new tool in my diagnostics toolkit: wtrace, and an update to procgov (or Process Governor). Let’s start with wtrace.

wtrace

On Linux, when I need to check what a given process is doing, I usually use strace. I was always missing such a tool for Windows. We have procmon (which is great), but it does not run in a console, and thus can’t be used in the command line scripts, or on a Nano server. This might change soon, as in one of the latest episodes of the Defrag Tools show, Mark Russinovich shared the plan of releasing the procmon version for Nano. Till then though we don’t have much choice when it comes to real-time tracing. You may think of xperf or wpr, but those tools only record ETW events for further analysis. However, we may use the same ETW events in a realtime session, and print information they provide to the console output. This is how the idea for wtrace was born in my head. Few weeks ago Sasha Goldstein released another tool for ETW processing named etrace, which basically does something very similar and has many interesting options. I decided to publish wtrace nonetheless, as my point was to create a tool with an extremely simple interface. Wtrace is collecting only a small subset of events (FileIO, TcpIp, Process/Thread Start) from the kernel provider. It may either start a process, or trace one that is already running. At the end of the trace it also shows some statistics (unless you use the –nosummary switch). Trace session will end either when you press Ctrl+C, or when the traced process terminates. Events are printed in the console window. An example session might look as follows:

Continue reading “Releasing wtrace 1.0 and procgov 2.0”

Releasing wtrace 1.0 and procgov 2.0

‘AutoMapper’ already has a dependency defined for ‘Microsoft.CSharp’


This is how the story begins. On our build server we are using a JetBrains Resharper CLT to generate a code analysis report. In one of the projects build we started getting the following exception log:

Executing the powershell script: C:\install\TFS \1.0.691\resharp.ps1
JetBrains Inspect Code 2016.1.2
Running in 64-bit mode, .NET runtime 4.0.30319.42000 under Microsoft Windows NT 6.2.9200.0
'AutoMapper' already has a dependency defined for 'Microsoft.CSharp'.
--- EXCEPTION #1/2 [InvalidOperationException]
Message = "'AutoMapper' already has a dependency defined for 'Microsoft.CSharp'."
ExceptionPath = Root.InnerException
ClassName = System.InvalidOperationException
HResult = COR_E_INVALIDOPERATION=80131509
Source = NuGet.Core
StackTraceString = "
  at NuGet.Manifest.ValidateDependencySets(IPackageMetadata metadata)
     at NuGet.Manifest.ReadFrom(Stream stream, IPropertyProvider propertyProvider, Boolean validateSchema)
     at NuGet.LocalPackage.ReadManifest(Stream manifestStream)
     at NuGet.OptimizedZipPackage.EnsureManifest()
     at NuGet.SharedPackageRepository.OpenPackage(String path)
     at NuGet.LocalPackageRepository.GetPackage(Func`2 openPackage, String path)
     at NuGet.LocalPackageRepository.<>c__DisplayClass13.<FindPackage>b__f(String path)
     at System.Linq.Enumerable.WhereSelectEnumerableIterator`2.MoveNext()
     at System.Linq.Enumerable.WhereSelectEnumerableIterator`2.MoveNext()
     at System.Linq.Enumerable.FirstOrDefault[TSource](IEnumerable`1 source)
     at NuGet.LocalPackageRepository.FindPackage(Func`2 openPackage, String packageId, SemanticVersion version)
     at NuGet.SharedPackageRepository.FindPackage(String packageId, SemanticVersion version)
     at JetBrains.ProjectModel.Packages.SharedPackageRepositoryInTemp.FindPackage(String packageId, SemanticVersion version)
     at NuGet.PackageRepositoryExtensions.FindPackage(IPackageRepository repository, String packageId, SemanticVersion version, IPackageConstraintProvider constraintProvider, Boolean allowPrereleaseVersions, Boolean allowUnlisted)
     at NuGet.PackageReferenceRepository.GetPackage(PackageReference reference)
     at System.Linq.Enumerable.WhereSelectEnumerableIterator`2.MoveNext()
     at System.Linq.Enumerable.WhereEnumerableIterator`1.MoveNext()
     at System.Collections.Generic.List`1..ctor(IEnumerable`1 collection)
     at JetBrains.ProjectModel.Packages.NuGetSolutionManager.<>c__DisplayClass7.<GetInstalledPackages>b__6()
     at JetBrains.Util.ILoggerEx.Catch[TValue](ILogger th?s, Func`1 F, ExceptionOrigin origin, LoggingLevel loggingLevel)

Continue reading “‘AutoMapper’ already has a dependency defined for ‘Microsoft.CSharp’”

‘AutoMapper’ already has a dependency defined for ‘Microsoft.CSharp’

Enumerating AppDomains in a remote process


I am working on adding a support for ASP.NET performance counters into Musketeer. Compared to other .NET performance counters they have quite surprising instance names. ASP.NET developers decided that their performance counter instances will be identified by names derived from the AppDomain names (more information can be found here). This is probably due to a fact that one process may host multiple ASP.NET applications, thus one counter instance per process won’t be enough. Consequently, in order to match collected metrics with process ids we need to know which AppDomain belongs to which process. How can we do that?

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Enumerating AppDomains in a remote process

Diagnostics Kit released!


For some time I have been working on a monitoring solution for developers. Today I have a pleasure to announce its first official release. It is a set of tools which should help you better diagnose your applications. As there are many monitoring solutions on the market you may be using one of them (and that’s great). However, I’ve observed that it’s still uncommon for developers to collect application logs in one place. Therefore OPS monitor IIS logs and developers are checking application-specific targets. This is not the best approach as you can’t see at first sight if something is going wrong with your application. Few years ago I had an idea of an application board which will show statuses of applications on all the servers. This is one of the central part of the Diagnostics Kit and I named it the Diagnostics Castle. A sample board might look as follows:

diaggrid

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Diagnostics Kit released!